Introduction to Singularity Theory in Algebraic Geometry
Plan of the seminar: we separate each talk into two. In the first 60 minutes the speaker gives an introductory talk for non-mathematicians. After a short break, the second 60 minutes is spent for a bit more detailed talk for mathematicians (working in other areas). We welcome you joining both parts of the seminar or only the first/second half.
In this talk, I will explain for all scientists how singularities are studied in algebraic geometry.
In algebraic geometry, we study algebraic varieties, which are figures defined as the zero sets of polynomial equations. To study an algebraic variety, we often expect that the variety is smooth, that is, the variety locally resembles Euclidian spaces. However, even if we start from smooth varieties, we sometimes encounter non-smooth varieties. This is one of the reasons why we need to study singularities.
In the first one hour, I will explain how singularities are studied. I will introduce two invariants of singularities by which we can compare singularities numerically. One invariant is defined in terms of resolution of singularities and the other is defined in terms of positive characteristic methods. I also explain a surprising relation of these invariants.
In the second one hour, I will explain how singularity theory is used to study smooth projective varieties. I will introduce Minimal Model Program and explain the relation with singularity theory.