Semiclassical defect measures and observability estimate for Schrödinger operators with homogeneous potentials of order zero
2019年10月30日(水)8:40 - 10:00
三上 渓太 (数理創造プログラム 研究員)
Seminar will be held from 15:40 to 17:00 on Oct.29(PDT, the U.S. Pacific Daylight Time) as a Harmonic Analysis and Differential Equations Seminar.
会場: UC Berkeley
Physics of Gamma-Ray Bursts: Emission Mechanism, Particle Acceleration, Nucleosynthesis, and Gravitational Waves
2019年8月17日(土)12:00 - 13:00
長瀧 重博 (数理創造プログラム 副プログラムディレクター / 理化学研究所 開拓研究本部 (CPR) 長瀧天体ビッグバン研究室 主任研究員)
Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) are very powerful, special explosions of massive stars. In the explosions, highly relativistic jets are launched from progenitor stars and lots of gamma-rays are emitted from the jets. It is also suggested by gravitational wave detection with follow-up observations that (short duration) GRBs are triggered by neutron star mergers (NSMs). In this talk, physics of GRBs are introduced with some of our recent studies. I would like to introduce how the relativistic jets will emit bunch of gamma-rays, and how particle acceleration happens in the relativistic jets. I also would like to introduce our recent studies on r-process nucleosynthesis & gravitational wave emission at NSMs. Location: 50A-5132
会場: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley, California)
Three quantizations of conformal field theory
2019年5月1日(水)15:40 - 17:30
多田 司 (数理創造プログラム コーディネーター / 理化学研究所 仁科加速器科学研究センター (RNC) 量子ハドロン物理学研究室 副主任研究員)
Needless to say, conformal field theory is elemental in the study of string theory, statistical quantum systems, and various quantum field theories. Two-dimensional conformal field theory is usually quantized by the so-called radial quantization. However, this is not the only way. As a matter of fact, there are two other distinctive choices for the time foliation, or equivalently, the Hamiltonian. One of these choices yields the continuous Virasoro algebra, while the other choice leads to the Virasoro algebra on a torus. The former case corresponds to the recently found (and perhaps less known) phenomenon, sine-square deformation. The latter yields the well-known entanglement entropy. I will present a comprehensive treatment of these three quantizations and discuss its physical implications.
会場: Old LeConte Hall 402, UC Berkeley