141 events in 2021

Seminar
Toward mathematical medicine: development of a new drug and digital medicine for sleep disorders
November 11 (Thu) at 12:30  13:30, 2021
Jae Kyoung Kim (Associate Professor, Department of Mathematical Sciences, KAIST, Republic of Korea)
In this talk, I will illustrate collaborative stories between our math group and medical researchers to treat disrupted circadian rhythms and sleep. First, I will illustrate the key molecular mechanism for robust circadian rhythms against spatiotemporal noise, which we identified by analyzing spatiotemporal timeseries data of clock molecules. This explains why Alzheimer's diseases, obesity, and aging cause unstable circadian rhythms and sleepwake cycle: cytoplasmic traffic jam, which provides a new paradigm to treat sleep disorders. Next, I will talk about our collaboration story with Pfizer Inc: how we used mathematical modeling to help the development of a new drug modulating the circadian phase. Finally, I will introduce our collaboration with Samsung medical center: how we used mathematical modeling to analyze complex sleep patterns of shift workers measured with wearables to find optimal sleep patterns minimizing sleep disorders. This opens the chance for the development of an app providing a personalized sleep schedule for shift workers.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Hunting hypernuclei by machine learning in nuclear emulsions
November 8 (Mon) at 14:00  15:00, 2021
Takehiko Saito (Chief Scientist, High Energy Nuclear Physics Laboratory, RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research (CPR))
A hypernuclus is a subatomic systems with strange quark(s). They have been studied already for seven decades for understanding the fundamental baryonic interaction and nuclear matters inside the core of neutron stars. The hypertriton is the lightest hypernucleus with a neutron, a proton and a Lambda hyperon, and it is the benchmark in hypernuclear studies. However, recent experimental studies with heavy ion beams have revealed that the nature of the hypertriton is unclear, especially on its biding energy and lifetime. The most urgent issue is to measure its binding energy very precisely. Measurements with nuclear emulsion have provided the best precision for the hypernuclear binding energy, however, it requires a huge human load on visual image analyses. We have developed machine learning models to detect events associated with production and decay of hypertriton in nuclear emulsions data, and we have already discovered hypertriton events [1]. In the seminar, we’ll discuss the challenges and developments of our machine learning models as well as the outcomes and perspectives of our works.
Venue: Hybrid Format (Common Room 246248 and Zoom)
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Geometry and Physics of Mirror Symmetry
November 5 (Fri) at 16:00  18:00, 2021
Naichung Conan Leung (Professor of Mathematics, Department of Mathematics, The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)
In the first half of this talk, I will describe the geometry and physics behind mirror symmetry in layman's terms. In the second half of this talk, I will provide a more mathematical explanation of the concepts involved in this mysterious conjecture. *Please contact Keita Mikami's mail address to get access to the Zoom meeting room.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Boolean algebras and operator algebras
November 4 (Thu) at 15:00  16:30, 2021
Michiya Mori (Special Postdoctoral Researcher, iTHEMS)
The concept of Boolean algebra was introduced by George Boole in 1847. It plays a fundamental role in the theory of propositional logic. The theory of operator algebras was initiated by John von Neumann in around 1930. A keyword of the latter theory is "noncommutativity". In this talk, I will first explain basics of Boolean algebras and some ideas in operator algebra theory. Then I will talk about my recent attempt to give a new formulation of the concept of "noncommutative Boolean algebras" in an operator algebraic framework.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Protein structure modeling from cryoelectron microscopy data
November 4 (Thu) at 13:30  14:30, 2021
Takaharu Mori (Senior research scientist, Theoretical Molecular Science Laboratory, RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research (CPR))
Recent advances in cryoelectron microscopy (cryoEM) have enabled us to determine threedimensional structures of biomolecules at nearatomic resolution. Protein structure modeling from experimental cryoEM data can be achieved using a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation, called flexible fitting. We have developed MDbased flexible fitting algorithms for efficient and reliable protein structure modeling. In this seminar, I would like to talk about our recent contributions to this field, and propose perspectives towards nextgeneration structural biology.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Is the Standard Model in the Swampland? Consistency Requirements from Gravitational Scattering
November 2 (Tue) at 14:30  16:00, 2021
Katsuki Aoki (Research Assistant Professor, Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University)
Underlying assumptions on ultraviolet completion can impose constraints on its lowenergy effective field theories (EFTs). The swampland program aims to clarify consistent and inconsistent EFTs with quantum gravity and aims to understand quantum gravity from lowenergy physics and vice versa. One of the most wellestablished constraints is called positivity bounds, provided that general assumptions such as Poincare invariance and unitarity are satisfied at all scales. I will first explain how these consistency conditions arise especially in the presence of gravity. I will then show that the positivity bound is violated if the Standard Model of particle physics coupled to General Relativity is extrapolated up to 10^16 GeV, requiring new physics there or below. The precise value of the cutoff is determined by hadronic physic while it is insensitive from nongravitational physics beyond the Standard Model. This is a signal from established physics for the necessity of quantum gravity below 10^16 GeV.
Venue: Hybrid Format (Common Room 246248 and Zoom)
Event Official Language: English

HighEnergy Neutrino Astrophysics in the Multimessenger Era
October 28 (Thu) at 15:00  16:30, 2021
Kohta Murase (Associate Professor, Pennsylvania State University, USA)
The discovery of highenergy cosmic neutrinos opened a new window of astroparticle physics. Their origin is a new mystery in the field, which is tightly connected to the longstanding puzzle about the origin of cosmic rays. I will give an overview of the latest results on highenergy neutrino and cosmicray observations, and demonstrate the power of "multimessenger" approaches. In particular, I will show that the observed fluxes of neutrinos, gamma rays, and extragalactic cosmic rays can be understood in a unified manner. I will also highlight the recent developments about astrophysical neutrino emission from supermassive black holes and violent transient phenomena. Possibilities of utilizing highenergy neutrinos as a probe of heavy dark matter may be discussed.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Nonlinear dynamics in frog choruses
October 28 (Thu) at 10:00  11:00, 2021
Ikkyu Aihara (Associate Professor, Institute of Systems and Information Engineering, University of Tsukuba)
Male frogs produce sounds to attract conspecific females as well as advertise their own territories to other males. Subsequently male frogs acoustically interact with each other, which induces various types of synchronized behavior. In this seminar, I will introduce the synchronized calling behavior of actual male frogs as well as theoretical studies using a phase oscillator model [1, 2]. Next, I will introduce our recent projects on the identification of the phase oscillator model from empirical data [3] and the extension of the model to a hybrid dynamical system in which male frogs intermittently switch their behavioral mode based on internal condition and also the interaction with other males [4].
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Can social issues be solved by mathematical science? attempts and challenges
October 26 (Tue) at 10:00  17:00, 2021
Tetsuo Hatsuda (Program Director, iTHEMS)
Masato Wakayama (Fundamental Mathematics Research Principal, NTT Institute for Fundamental Mathematics)
Takashi Sakajo (Professor, Department of Mathematics, Kyoto University)
Shingo Iwami (Professor, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University)
Hirotaka Irie (Assistant Manager, DENSO Corporation)In recent years, the importance of mathematical sciences has been increasingly recognized in various fields, as exemplified by the rapid progress of AI technology and the development of DX (Digital Transformation) in companies. In academia, research centers have been established in fields such as space, materials, life, and medicine, where experts in the mathematical sciences play an important role in research activities in their respective fields. At the same time, the universality of mathematics and the quantitative and predictive nature of data analysis are also being considered useful in industry, and some companies are actively using mathematical science in their own business. Some companies are actively utilizing mathematical science in their business. In this symposium, researchers who are conducting research with the mission of returning research using mathematical science to society and implementing it will gather to discuss, based on the results of their cuttingedge research, "Can social issues be solved with mathematical science? Attempts and Challenges" and discuss the role of mathematical science in society.
Venue: Hybrid Format (Noyori Conference Hall, Nagoya University and Zoom)
Event Official Language: Japanese

Seminar
Geometry of hyperkahler 4 manifolds
October 22 (Fri) at 13:00  15:00, 2021
Song Sun (Associate Professor, Department of Mathematics, University of California, Berkeley, USA)
An n dimensional Riemannian metric g defines a holonomy group, which is a subgroup of SO(n) given by parallel transport along all contractible loops (with respect to the LeviCivita connection). According to the Berger classification we know that if a complete Riemannian metric is not locally symmetric and not locally reducible then its holonomy group is either the entire SO(n) (generic case), or U(n) (Kahler), or is special and belongs to a small list. Riemannian metrics with special holonomy are very interesting geometric objects to study, with many connections to analysis and physics. The simplest model is given by a 4 dimensional hyperkahler metric. We will explain the general background and discuss recent progress on understanding the geometry of hyperkahler 4 manifolds. *Please contact Keita Mikami's mail address to get access to the Zoom meeting room.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Evaluation of origin of driving force for loop formation in a chromatin fiber
October 21 (Thu) at 10:00  11:00, 2021
Hiroshi Yokota (Postdoctoral Researcher, iTHEMS)
During cell division, chromatin fiber is condensed into the rodlike shape which is called chromosome. The rodlike shape of the chromosome is constructed by consecutive chromatin loop structures which are formed by the protein complex named condensin. In this talk, by calculating the driving force for the loop formation, we discuss the mechanism of loop formation which is the one of the controversial issues on chromosome condensation. The driving force is evaluated based on the free energy of the chromatin loop formation by constructing the polymer model. Based on the free energy, the loop growth length in the unit time is also evaluated. These evaluations also lead to the time evolution of the loop length and the mechanism of the loop formation.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Nonlinear response in strongly correlated systems
October 20 (Wed) at 17:00  18:15, 2021
Robert Peters (Lecturer, Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University)
Nonlinear responses in condensed matter are intensively studied because they provide rich information about materials and hold the possibility of being applied in diodes or highfrequency optical devices [14]. While nonlinear responses in noninteracting models have been explored widely, the effect of strong correlations on the nonlinear response is still poorly understood. This talk will introduce a Green's function method to calculate nonlinear conductivities in strongly correlated materials [56]. Correlation effects are thereby included by the selfenergy of the material. I will then use this method to study the nonlinear conductivities in noncentrosymmetric felectron systems. The first system is a heavy Fermion system, where a nonreciprocal conductivity appears in the ferromagnetic phase. The nonreciprocal conductivity thereby always occurs perpendicular to the magnetization of the system and has a strong spin dependence, which might be advantageous for spintronic applications. The second system is a model corresponding to the WeylKondo semimetal Ce3Bi4Pd3, in which a giant spontaneous Hall effect without timereversal symmetry breaking has been observed [7]. This Hall effect can be explained as a nonlinear Hall effect in an inversionsymmetry broken Weylsemimetal. It has been shown that the nonlinear Hall effect is related to the Berry curvature dipole [4]. Our study shows that the magnitude of the experimentally observed nonlinear Hall effect can be explained by the strong correlations inherent in this felectron material [8]. *Detailed information about the seminar refer to the email.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Floquet vacuum engineering: laserdriven chiral soliton lattice in the QCD vacuum
October 20 (Wed) at 13:30  15:00, 2021
Akihiro Yamada (Master's Student, School of Fundamental Science and Technology, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Keio University)
What happens to the QCD vacuum when a timeperiodic circularly polarized laser field with a sufficiently large intensity and frequency is applied? Based on the Floquet formalism for periodically driven systems and the systematic lowenergy effective theory of QCD, we show that for a sufficiently large frequency and above a critical intensity, the QCD vacuum is unstable against the chiral soliton lattice of pions, a crystalline structure of topological solitons that spontaneously breaks parity and continuous translational symmetries. In the chiral limit, in particular, the QCD vacuum is found unstable by the laser with an arbitrary small intensity. Our work would pave the way for novel “Floquet vacuum engineering.”
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Distinctive signals of boosted dark matter from semiannihilations
October 20 (Wed) at 10:00  11:30, 2021
Takashi Toma (Assistant Professor, Institute of Liberal Arts and Science, Kanazawa University)
The recent dark matter direct detection experiments impose the stringent upper bound on the elastic scattering cross section with nucleons. This implies that the cross section is suppressed by small dark matter velocity. However such dark matter can be probed if it is boosted by some mechanism. In this talk, we show that the specific semiannihilation channel where two dark matter particles annihilate into a pair of antidark matter and neutrino indicates signals distinctive from the other semiannihilation and standard dark matter annihilation processes. Since the boosted dark matter produced by this semiannihilation is regarded as a high energy neutrino, the total flux of the dark matter and the accompanying neutrino yields double peaks at the energy close to the dark matter mass. Both of the particles can be detectable at large volume neutrino detectors.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Recent progress on the rprocess in the era of gravitationalwave astronomy
October 15 (Fri) at 16:00  18:00, 2021
Nobuya Nishimura (Astrophysical Big Bang Laboratory, RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research (CPR))
The rprocess, the rapid neutroncapture process, is a major origin of heavy nuclei beyond iron in the universe, occurring in explosive astrophysical phenomena with very neutronrich environments. In the studies of rprocess nucleosynthesis, there are several unsolved problems in nuclear physics and astrophysics. In this talk, I will briefly summarize recent progress on the studies of the rprocess, mainly focusing on neutron star mergers. We will see that the scenario of neutron star mergers is consistent with several observations, e.g., GW170817 with a kilonova, chemical evolution of rprocess elements. In addition, nevertheless, there are several remaining (or newly realized) problems on the origin of rprocess elements in the universe. Focusing on our own research, I will introduce attempts to address these issues.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
The branched deformations of special Lagrangian submanifolds
October 15 (Fri) at 10:00  12:00, 2021
Siqi He (Research Assistant Professor, Simons Center for Geometry and Physics, Stony Brook University, USA)
Special Lagrangian submanifolds are a distinguished class of real calibrated submanifolds defined in a CalabiYau manifold, which are calibrated by the real part of the holomorphic volume form. Given a compact, smooth special Lagrangian submanifold, Mclean proved that the space of nearby special Lagrangian submanifolds of it could be parametrized by the harmonic 1forms. In this talk, we will discuss some recent progress on generalizing Mclean’s result to the branched deformations. We will describe how to use multivalued harmonic functions to construct branched nearby deformations. In the first one hour, we will introduce the background of special Lagrangian submanifold and explain the motivations to study this problem. In this second one hour, we will discuss the technical details and interesting new phenomenon in this branching deformation problem. *Please contact Keita Mikami's mail address to get access to the Zoom meeting room.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Understanding the effect of defective, interfering influenza virus
October 14 (Thu) at 10:00  11:00, 2021
Catherine Beauchemin (Deputy Program Director, iTHEMS)
Defective interfering virus particles (DIPs) are viruses that are defective in a very specific way that allows them to outcompete standard, nondefective virus. It is difficult to count DIPs because they can look too similar to standard virus. So instead, people are counting them based on their effect on suppressing the standard virus population. In this talk, I will explain the basic biology of virus replication, what are DIPs, and how they compete with standard virus. I will present our mathematical model (ordinary differential equation) that describes coinfection competition with DIPs and standard virus. I will use the mathematical model to show how experiments to count DIPs can give incorrect results, and I will propose some solutions.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Symmetrybased analysis for unconventional superconductors: Diagnosis of topological and nodal superconductivity
October 12 (Tue) at 16:00  17:15, 2021
Seishiro Ono (Department of Applied Physics, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo)
The physics of unconventional superconductors has gained a new dimension in the past decade, thanks to the bloom in the understanding of topological quantum materials. Keeping in mind the success of the symmetrybased diagnosis in the largescale discovery of topological insulator and semimetal candidates [1], it is natural to ask whether the approach can be generalized to superconducting systems. In this talk, I provide a unified way to diagnose topology and superconducting nodes in unconventional superconductors. First, I review symmetryindicator theory for the topological insulators [2]. Also, I also discuss how to generalize the theory to superconductors [3,4,5]. Next, I show that the symmetrybased approach can extensively classify superconducting nodes pinned to highsymmetric momenta [6]. Finally, I show that these results enable us to derive the comprehensive correspondences between pairing symmetries and topological/nodal superconducting nature for each material [7]. *Detailed information about the seminar refer to the email.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Geography of varieties of general type
October 8 (Fri) at 16:00  18:10, 2021
Chen Jiang (Associate Professor, Shanghai Math Center, Fudan University, China)
We study birational invariants in order to study birational classifications of varieties. Geography is the study of relations among different invariants. We will focus on two fundamental invariants: canonical volume and geometric genus. For surfaces there are classical results such as MiyaokaYau inequality and Noether inequality. I will discuss higher dimensional analogue of them, and introduce our recent work on the optimal Noehter inequality for 3folds joint with Jungkai Chen and Meng Chen. *Please contact Keita Mikami's mail address to get access to the Zoom meeting room.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English
141 events in 2021
Events
Categories
series
 iTHEMS Colloquium
 MACS Colloquium
 iTHEMS Seminar
 iTHEMS Math Seminar
 DMWG Seminar
 iTHEMS Biology Seminar
 iTHEMS Theoretical Physics Seminar
 Information Theory SG Seminar
 Quantum Matter Seminar
 ABBLiTHEMS Joint Astro Seminar
 MathPhys Seminar
 Quantum Gravity Gatherings
 RIKEN Quantum Seminar
 Quantum Computation SG Seminar
 DEEPIN Seminar
 NEW WG Seminar
 LabTheory Standing Talks
 QFTcore Seminar
 STAMP Seminar
 QuCoIn Seminar
 Number Theory Seminar
 BerkeleyiTHEMS Seminar
 iTHEMSRNC Meson Science Lab. Joint Seminar
 AcademicIndustrial Innovation Lecture
 RIKEN Quantum Lecture
 Theory of Operator Algebras
 iTHEMS Intensive CourseEvolution of Cooperation
 Introduction to PublicKey Cryptography
 Knot Theory
 iTHES Theoretical Science Colloquium
 SUURICOOL Seminar
 iTHES Seminar