58 events in 2022

Seminar
The Hunt for Extraterrestrial Neutrino Counterparts
May 20 at 16:00  17:00, 2022
Dr. Yannis Liodakis (Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Turku, Finland)
The origin of highenergy neutrinos is fundamental to our understanding of the Universe. Apart from the technical challenges of operating detectors deep below ice, oceans, and lakes, the phenomenological challenges are even greater. The sources are unknown, unpredictable, and we lack clear signatures. Neutrino astronomy therefore represents the greatest challenge faced by the astronomy and physics communities thus far. The possible neutrino sources range from accretion disks and tidal disruption events, through relativistic jets to galaxy clusters with blazar TXS 0506+056 the most compelling association thus far. Since then, immense effort has been put into associating AGNjets with highenergy neutrinos, but to no avail. I will discuss our current efforts in understanding the multimessenger processes in the Universe, and once and for all proving or disproving if AGNjets are neutrino emitters.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Deviations from the Standard Model Predictions and New Physics Interpretations
May 20 at 13:30  15:00, 2022
Dr. Teppei Kitahara (Assistant Professor, KobayashiMaskawa Institute for the Origin of Particles and the Universe (KMI), Nagoya University)
Continuous development of experiments in recent years has revealed a large number of experimental anomalies which the Standard Model cannot explain. It is statistically obvious that as the number of experiments increases, one encounters a new anomaly due to the statistical fluctuation. But interestingly, some of the anomalies have been crosschecked by different experiments. These would be hints for physics beyond the Standard model. In this talk, I will review the flavor anomalies (also known as lepton flavor universality violation), the muon g2 anomaly, and recently measured the W boson mass anomaly. I will also discuss these implications for the new physics, and introduce several of our works.
Venue: Hybrid Format (Common Room 246248 and Zoom)
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
More Data, More Problems: Big Data in Correlative Ecology
May 19 at 16:00  17:00, 2022
Dr. Dan Warren (Staff Scientist, Biodiversity and Biocomplexity Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST))
The rapidly expanding pool of large data sets on species distributions, community composition, and environmental factors has been accompanied by an increasing number of methodological approaches to analyze this data. If done correctly, this represents an unprecedented opportunity for understanding ecological processes at large scales. However, it also represents an opportunity to be wrong about those same processes at a scale that was previously not possible. In this talk, I will use examples from ecology and other fields to discuss some of the issues that arise when we take big data approaches to ecological questions.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Recent Progress in the Swampland Program
May 19 at 14:00  15:30, 2022
Dr. Toshifumi Noumi (Associate Professor, Institute of Cosmophysics, Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kobe University)
Abstract: In the past years, it has become increasingly clear that there exist nontrivial consistency conditions on symmetries in quantum gravity, that are invisible in classical gravity. The Swampland program aims at identifying such quantum gravity constraints and their implications for particle physics and cosmology, toward quantum gravity phenomenology. In this talk, I will review recent progress in this program, including my own works.
Venue: Hybrid Format (Common Room 246248 and Zoom)
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Khovanov homology theory  an introduction to categorification
May 13 at 14:00  16:30, 2022
Dr. Taketo Sano (Special Postdoctoral Researcher, iTHEMS)
Jones polynomial is a knot invariant discovered by V. F. R. Jones in 1984. Not only that it is a useful mathematical tool, the discovery led to opening up a new research area, quantum topology, which connects quantum mechanics and lowdimensional topology. In 2000, M. Khovanov introduced a “categorification of the Jones polynomial”, which is now called Khovanov homology, and made categorification one of the fundamental concept in knot theory. Now what does categorification mean, and what is it good for? In this talk, assuming that many of the audience are not familiar with abstract category theory, I will start from easy examples of categories and categorifications, for example categorification of natural numbers, and explain why they are something natural to think of. In the latter part, I will briefly explain the construction of Khovanov homology, and introduce several related topics.
Venue: Hybrid Format (Common Room 246248 and Zoom)
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Classical and Quantum Chaos
May 12 at 16:00  17:00, 2022
Dr. Akira Shudo (Professor, Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University)
Classical and quantum mechanics in multidimensions are qualitatively different from those in onedimension since they are no more integrable in general and chaos appears in the dynamics. This brings a great deal of complexity or even richness both in classical and quantum dynamics. Especially in generic nonintegrable systems which are neither completely integrable nor fully chaotic, phase space becomes a mixture of regular and chaotic components. Such an aspect is a source of inexhaustible questions not only in the past but in the future. We here overview classical and quantum chaos in Hamiltonian systems.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Introduction to Topological Insulators: Topological Superconductors and Quantum Computing
May 9 at 14:00  15:30, 2022
Dr. ChingKai Chiu (Senior Research Scientist, iTHEMS)
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Diversity of Asgardarchaota and Theoretical verification of the endosymbiotic theory
April 28 at 10:00  11:00, 2022
Mr. Daiki Kumakura (Ph.D. Student, Graduate School of Life Science, Hokkaido University)
How did intracellular symbiosis occur and give rise to eukaryotic ancestor? This question has been considered to the two theories as threedomain theory and eocyte theory. Here I present asgard archaea, the archaeon closest to eukaryotes. Asgard archaea is an archaeon found at a deepsea sampling site called Loki's castle at between Greenland and Norway. So all the closely related species are named after Norse mythology (Loki, Thor, Odin, Heimdall, etc.). Unlike other archaea, asgard archaea has many eukaryoticspecific proteins and is considered to be the closest to eukaryotes. In 2020, one of the asgard archaea species was finally successfully cultured. This archaeon was cultured and found to take on a branchlike structure. It is then hypothesized that intracellular symbiosis between this archaeon and the ancestor of mitochondria resulted in the ancestor of today's eukaryotic cells. In this talk, I would like to discuss with you the explanation of how we arrived at this hypothesis and how to construct a mathematical model.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Introduction to Topological Insulators: From Quantum to Classical Physics 4
April 27 at 15:00  17:00, 2022
Dr. Tomoki Ozawa (Associate Professor, Advanced Institute for Materials Research (AIMR), Tohoku University)
In this set of lectures, I give an introduction to topological insulators. A goal is to provide an overall understanding of basic concepts of the physics of topological insulators to mathematicians and physicists with no prior knowledge on the subject. Very roughly speaking, topological insulators are materials whose wavefunctions show nontrivial topological structure in momentum space. Materials with topologically nontrivial wavefunction in momentum space have been found to host modes which are localized at the surface (edge) of the material: a property known as the bulkedge correspondence. The bulkedge correspondence results in experimentally observable signature of somewhat abstract notion of topology of the wavefunction in momentum space. Originally, topological insulators were found and studied for electrons in solidstate materials, which are quantum mechanical. However, certain properties of topological insulators, including the bulkedge correspondence, have been found to hold also for purely classical materials, such as electromagnetic waves obeying Maxwell’s equations, or waves described by Newtonian mechanics. I will try to introduce topological insulators in a way general enough to be applied to quantum as well as classical materials. In the final part of the lectures, I take this opportunity to discuss some of my own works, where I studied some relations between the twodimensional topological insulators and Kähler geometry.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

iTHEMS x academist Online Event "Mathematical Science World 2022"
April 24 at 10:00  16:30, 2022
Dr. Masaki Taniguchi (Special Postdoctoral Researcher, iTHEMS)
Dr. Hidetoshi Taya (Special Postdoctoral Researcher, iTHEMS)
Dr. Akira Harada (Special Postdoctoral Researcher, iTHEMS)
Dr. Yingying Xu (Special Postdoctoral Researcher, iTHEMS)
Dr. Euki Yazaki (Postdoctoral Researcher, iTHEMS)Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: Japanese

Seminar
Recurrence theorems for topological Markov chains
April 22 at 17:00  19:00, 2022
Dr. Cédric Ho Thanh (Postdoctoral Researcher, Prediction Science Laboratory, RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research (CPR))
Recurrence theorems place conditions under which probabilistic systems, specifically Markov chains, are expected to visit certain states infinitely often. For example, a printer with its many moving parts and the random requests it receives, may be described as a probabilistic system, and recurrence of the "ready to print" state is desirable. Recurrence theorems in the case of finite Markov chains are widely known. In this talk, we are interested in generalization to the infinitary setting. As it turns out, some care has to be put in the definition of infinite Markov chains. Rather than simply infinite, the introduct topological Markov chains, and show how standard constructions can be naturally extended to thisframework: path spaces, cylinder sets, as well as the semantic of LTL and PCTL. With all these tools in hand, we finally state our recurrence theorems. This is work in progress in collaboration with Natsuki Urabe and Ichiro Hasuo. This seminar is hold in a hybrid style. If you want attend the seminar onsite, please contact to Keita Mikami.
Venue: Hybrid Format (Common Room 246248 and Zoom) (Main Venue)
Event Official Language: English

How is turbulence born: Statistical mechanics and ecological collapse in transitional fluids
April 22 at 15:00  16:30, 2022
Dr. HongYan Shih (Assistant Research Fellow, Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taiwan)
The onset of turbulence is ubiquitous in daily life and is important in various industrial applications, yet how fluids become turbulent has remained unsolved for more than a century. Recent experiments in pipe flow finally quantified this transition, showing that nontrivial statistics and spatiotemporal complexity develop as the flow velocity is increased. Combining numerical simulations of the hydrodynamics equations and an effective theory from statistical mechanics, we discovered the surprising fact that fluid behavior at the transition is governed by the emergent predatorprey dynamics, leading to the mathematical prediction that the laminarturbulent transition is analogous to an ecosystem on the edge of extinction. This prediction demonstrates that the laminarturbulent transition is a nonequilibrium phase transition in the directed percolation universality class, and provides a unified picture of transition to turbulence in various systems. I will also show our recent progresses on transitional turbulence, including how an extended ecological model with energy balance successfully recapitulates the spatiotemporal patterns beyond the critical point, and the determination of the critical behavior and an emergent novel phase under interactions in the experimental collaboration.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Coherent emission from 3D relativistic shocks
April 22 at 14:00  15:00, 2022
Dr. Masanori Iwamoto (Kyushu University)
The origin of fast radio bursts (FRBs; Lorimer et al. 2007) is one of the unsolved problems in astrophysics. Many observations of FRBs indicate that FRBs must be coherent emission in the sense that coherently moving electrons radiate electromagnetic waves. In relativistic shocks, it is well known that coherent electromagnetic waves are excited by synchrotron maser instability (SMI) in the shock transition (Hoshino & Arons 1991). The SMI is also known as the emission mechanism of coherent radio sources such as auroral kilometric radiation at Earth and Jovian decametric radiation. Recently, some models of fast radio burst based on the coherent emission from relativistic shock via the SMI have been proposed (e.g., Lyubarsky 2014; Beloborodov 2017; Plotnikov & Sironi 2019; Metzger et al. 2019) and the SMI in the context of relativistic shocks attracts more attention from astrophysics. In this study, by performing the world’s first threedimensional (3D) particleincell (PIC) simulation of relativistic shocks, we will demonstrate that largeamplitude electromagnetic waves are indeed excited by the SMI even in 3D and that the wave amplitude is significantly amplified and comparable to that in pair plasmas due to a positive feedback process associated with ionelectron coupling. Based on the simulation results, we will discuss the applicability of the SMI for FRBs in this talk.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Introduction to Topological Insulators: From Quantum to Classical Physics 3
April 21 at 15:00  17:00, 2022
Dr. Tomoki Ozawa (Associate Professor, Advanced Institute for Materials Research (AIMR), Tohoku University)
In this set of lectures, I give an introduction to topological insulators. A goal is to provide an overall understanding of basic concepts of the physics of topological insulators to mathematicians and physicists with no prior knowledge on the subject. Very roughly speaking, topological insulators are materials whose wavefunctions show nontrivial topological structure in momentum space. Materials with topologically nontrivial wavefunction in momentum space have been found to host modes which are localized at the surface (edge) of the material: a property known as the bulkedge correspondence. The bulkedge correspondence results in experimentally observable signature of somewhat abstract notion of topology of the wavefunction in momentum space. Originally, topological insulators were found and studied for electrons in solidstate materials, which are quantum mechanical. However, certain properties of topological insulators, including the bulkedge correspondence, have been found to hold also for purely classical materials, such as electromagnetic waves obeying Maxwell’s equations, or waves described by Newtonian mechanics. I will try to introduce topological insulators in a way general enough to be applied to quantum as well as classical materials. In the final part of the lectures, I take this opportunity to discuss some of my own works, where I studied some relations between the twodimensional topological insulators and Kähler geometry.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Neurons are potential statisticians
April 21 at 10:00  11:00, 2022
Dr. Takuya Isomura (Unit Leader, Brain Intelligence Theory Unit, RIKEN Center for Brain Science (CBS))
Humans and animals can predict what will happen in the future and act appropriately by inferring how the sensory inputs were generated from underlying hidden causes. The freeenergy principle is a theory of the brain that can explain how these processes occur in a unified way. However, how the fundamental units of the brain, such as the neurons and synapses, implement this principle has yet to be fully established. Here, we have mathematically shown that neural networks that minimise a cost function implicitly follow the freeenergy principle and actively perform statistical inference. We have reconstructed a biologically plausible cost function for neural networks based on the equation of neural activity and shown that the reconstructed cost function is identical to variational free energy, which is the cost function of the freeenergy principle. This equivalence speaks to the freeenergy principle as a universal characterisation of neural networks, implying that even at the level of the neurons and synapses, the neural networks can autonomously infer the underlying causes from the observed data, just as a statistician would. The proposed theory will advance our understanding of the neuronal basis of the freeenergy principle, leading to future applications in the early diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric disorders, and in the development of braininspired artificial intelligence that can learn like humans.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Lightmatter control of quantum materials: From lightinduced superconductivity to cavity materials
April 20 at 15:30  17:00, 2022
Dr. Michael Sentef (Emmy Noether Research Group Leader, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Germany)
In this talk I will discuss recent progress in controlling and inducing materials properties with light [1]. Specifically I will discuss recent experiments showing lightinduced superconductivity through phonon driving in an organic kappa salt [2] and its possible theoretical explanation via dynamical Hubbard U [3]. I will then highlight some recent theoretical and experimental progress in cavity quantum materials [4], where the classical laser as a driving field of lightinduced properties is replaced by quantum fluctuations of light in confined geometries. Ideas and open questions for future work will be outlined.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

The 19th MACS Colloquium
April 18 at 15:00  17:40, 2022
Dr. Yasuhiro Inoue (Professor, Department of Micro Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University)
15:00 The 19th MACS Colloquium: Talk by Prof. Yasuhiro Inoue "Multicellular Dynamics Simulation of Morphogenesis" 16:05 MACS SG information session 17:10 Individual explanation by each study group (Zoom breakout room)
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: Japanese

Introduction to Topological Insulators: From Quantum to Classical Physics 2
April 14 at 15:00  17:00, 2022
Dr. Tomoki Ozawa (Associate Professor, Advanced Institute for Materials Research (AIMR), Tohoku University)
In this set of lectures, I give an introduction to topological insulators. A goal is to provide an overall understanding of basic concepts of the physics of topological insulators to mathematicians and physicists with no prior knowledge on the subject. Very roughly speaking, topological insulators are materials whose wavefunctions show nontrivial topological structure in momentum space. Materials with topologically nontrivial wavefunction in momentum space have been found to host modes which are localized at the surface (edge) of the material: a property known as the bulkedge correspondence. The bulkedge correspondence results in experimentally observable signature of somewhat abstract notion of topology of the wavefunction in momentum space. Originally, topological insulators were found and studied for electrons in solidstate materials, which are quantum mechanical. However, certain properties of topological insulators, including the bulkedge correspondence, have been found to hold also for purely classical materials, such as electromagnetic waves obeying Maxwell’s equations, or waves described by Newtonian mechanics. I will try to introduce topological insulators in a way general enough to be applied to quantum as well as classical materials. In the final part of the lectures, I take this opportunity to discuss some of my own works, where I studied some relations between the twodimensional topological insulators and Kähler geometry.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English
58 events in 2022
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