Quantum Gravity Gatherings
4 events

Seminar
Black hole graviton and quantum gravity
May 16 (Thu) at 15:00  16:30, 2024
Yusuke Kimura (Research Scientist, Analytical quantum complexity RIKEN Hakubi Research Team, RIKEN Center for Quantum Computing (RQC))
Drawing from a thought experiment that we conduct, we propose that a virtual graviton gives rise to a black hole geometry when its momentum surpasses a certain threshold value on the Planck scale. This hypothesis implies that the propagator of a virtual graviton, that possesses momentum surpassing this threshold, vanishes. Consequently, a Feynman diagram containing this type of graviton propagator does not add to the overall amplitude. This mechanism suggests the feasibility of formulating an ultravioletfinite fourdimensional quantum gravitational theory. The elementary particles including the gravitons are treated as point particles in this formulation.
Venue: Seminar Room #359 (Main Venue) / via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Coarsegraining black holes out of equilibrium with boundary observables on time slice
April 1 (Mon) at 16:00  17:30, 2024
Daichi Takeda (Ph.D. Student, Theoretical Particle Physics Group, Kyoto University)
In black hole thermodynamics, defining coarsegrained entropy for dynamical black holes has long been a challenge, and various proposals, such as generalized entropy, have been explored. Guided by the AdS/CFT, we introduce a new definition of coarsegrained entropy for a dynamical black hole in Lorentzian Einstein gravity. On each time slice, this entropy is defined as the horizon area of an auxiliary Euclidean black hole that shares the same mass, (angular) momenta, and asymptotic normalizable matter modes with the original Lorentzian solution. The entropy is shown to satisfy a generalized first law within Einstein theory and, through holography, the second law as well. This second law corresponds to the positivity of the relative entropy in the CFT. Furthermore, by applying this thermodynamics to several Vaidya models in AdS and flat spacetime, we discover a connection between the second law and the null energy condition.
Venue: Seminar Room #359 (Main Venue) / via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Volume complexity of de Sitter bubbles
November 22 (Wed) at 16:00  17:30, 2023
Nicolò Zenoni (Project Researcher, Department of Physics, Osaka University)
Holographic complexity is conjectured to probe the evolution of spacetime. For black holes in antide Sitter (AdS) spacetime the growth rate of complexity approaches a constant value at late times, while in de Sitter (dS) spacetime it diverges at a finite critical time. In this talk, we consider geometries interpolating between AdS and dS. In particular, we discuss the evolution of volume complexity in a class of threedimensional asymptotically antide Sitter geometries including dynamical bubbles of de Sitter in their interior. According to the dynamics of the bubble, complexity qualitatively behaves either as in the AdS black hole or as in the dS case. We conclude with some remarks about the possible dual interpretation.
Venue: Seminar Room #359 (Main Venue) / via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Quasilocal holography in 3d quantum gravity
August 4 (Fri) at 14:00  15:30, 2023
Etera Livine (Research Director CNRS, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, France)
Since the idea appeared in black hole physics, the concept of holography has become a guiding principle for quantum gravity. It is the notion that the dynamics of the geometry of a region of spacetime can be entirely encoded in a theory living on its boundary. Although such holographic dualities have been welldeveloped in an asymptotical context, it remains a challenge to realize it exactly at finite distances. I will draw a possible route in 3d quantum gravity, by showing a duality between the PonzanoRegge path integral for 3d quantum gravity as a topological field theory and the 2d (inhomogeneous) Ising model. This leads to an intriguing geometrical interpretation of the Ising critical couplings and opens the door to a possibly rich interplay between 3d quantum gravity and 2d condensed matter built out of holographic dualities.
Venue: Seminar Room #359 (Main Venue) / via Zoom
Event Official Language: English
4 events