115 events in 2020

Review on the LiebRobinson bound
December 23 (Wed) at 13:00  14:00, 2020
Yukimi Goto (Special Postdoctoral Researcher, iTHEMS)
The LiebRobinson bound is inequality on the group velocity of information propagation for quantum manybody systems. In this talk, I review this bound mathematically and explain some consequences of the bound.
Event Official Language: English

Mathematical modelbased quantitative data analysis for COVID19
December 22 (Tue) at 10:00  11:00, 2020
Shingo Iwami (Associate Professor, Mathematical Biology Laboratory, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kyushu University)
The recent spread of corona threatens the health of people around the world. We urgently need strategies to reduce COVID19 spread and to enhance antiviral drug development for individual patients. Mathematics could contribute to control of COVID19 pandemic by informing decisions about pandemic planning, resource allocation, and implementation of social distancing measures and other interventions. My group is conducting interdisciplinary research to elucidate "Quantitative Population Dynamics" with original mathematical theory and computational simulation, which are both our CORE approach. Our mathematical modelbased approach has quantitatively improved a current goldstandard approach essentially relying on the statistical analysis of "snapshot data" during dynamic interaction processes in virus infection. In my talk, I would like to discuss how our approach improves our current understanding of COVID19 research, and help an establishment of a "standard antiviral treatment" for COVID19 as well.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

The 3rd RIKEN  Kyushu University Joint Workshop  MicroMacro Connecting by Mathematics: Elementary Particles, Atomic Nuclei, and the Universe
December 21 (Mon)  22 (Tue), 2020
Tetsuo Hatsuda (Program Director, iTHEMS)
Naomi Tsuji (Postdoctoral Researcher, iTHEMS)Chair: Tetsuo HATSUTA (RIKEN iTHEMS) et al. Lecture: Naomi Tsuji (RIKEN iTHEMS) et al.
Venue: via Online
Event Official Language: Japanese

Classical liquids and functional renormalization group
December 17 (Thu) at 13:00  14:30, 2020
Takeru Yokota (Postdoctoral Researcher, Institute for Solid State Physics, The University of Tokyo)
Development of methods for classical statistical mechanics is desired for accurate predictions of the structures and thermodynamic properties of liquids. A powerful framework to describe classical liquids is density functional theory (DFT). In the quantum case, there have been recent attempts to develop accurate methods with combining DFT and the functional renormalization group (FRG), which is another framework to deal with manybody systems utilizing evolution equations, and such approaches are expected to work also in the classical case. In this presentation, I will talk about a new approach for classical liquids aided by FRG. The formalism and some ideas to incorporate higherorder correlation functions to systematically improve the accuracy will be shown. I will also present a numerical demonstration in a onedimensional exactly solvable system and discuss the results by comparing to other conventional methods such as the hypernetted chain.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Autoimmune diseases initiated by pathogen infection: mathematical modeling
December 17 (Thu) at 10:00  11:00, 2020
Akane Hara (Ph.D. Student, Graduate School of Systems Life Sciences, Kyushu University)
The pathogen with proteins similar to host’s proteins is likely to cause autoimmunity, which is called “molecular mimicry”. To understand the mechanism of autoimmunity development caused by pathogen infection, we considered the following scenario: the infection activates the immune system, which results in clearance of pathogens, and the enhanced immune responses to the host’s body may remain and attack the host’s cells after the pathogen clearance. We developed a mathematical model describing the dynamics of T helper (Th) cells, viruses, selfantigens, and memory T cells and identified the conditions necessary to realize the scenario. We considered the crossimmunity of three different modes of action: [1] virus elimination by Th cells reactive to the selfantigen, [2] activation of Th cells reactive to viruses by selfantigens and Th cells reactive to selfantigens by viruses, and [3] enhancement of immune responses to selfantigens by Th cells reactive to viruses after the infection. The crossimmunity of type [3] was found to be most important for autoimmunity development. In contrast, [1] and [2] suppressed autoimmunity by effectively decreasing the viral abundance.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Quantum Wasserstein distance of order 1
December 16 (Wed) at 13:00  14:30, 2020
Ryusuke Hamazaki (Senior Research Scientist, iTHEMS / RIKEN Hakubi Team Leader, Nonequilibrium Quantum Statistical Mechanics RIKEN Hakubi Research Team, RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research (CPR))
The Wasserstein distance is an indicator for the closeness of two probability distributions and is applied to various fields ranging from information theory to neural networks [1]. It is particularly useful to treat the geometry of the underlying space, such as tensorproduct structures. In this journal club, I talk about one of the recent proposals on quantum extension of the Wasserstein distance [2]. After reviewing basic properties of classical Wasserstein distance, e.g., its relation to concentration phenomena, I discuss how they might be generalized to quantum realm.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Statistical model for meaning representation of language
December 16 (Wed) at 10:30  12:00, 2020
Koichiro Yoshino (Team Leader, Robotics Project, RIKEN Cluster for Science, Technology and Innovation Hub (RCSTI))
One of the final goals of natural language processing is building a model to capture the semantic meaning of language elements. Language modeling is a recent research trend to build a statistical model to express the meaning of language. The language model is based on the distributional hypothesis. The distributional hypothesis indicates that the surrounding elements of the target element describe the meaning of the element. In other words, relative positions between sentence elements (morphologies, words, and sentences) are essential to know the element's meaning. Recent works on distributed representation mainly focus on relations between clear elements: characters, morphologies, words, and sentences. However, it is essential to use structural information of languages such as dependency and semantic roles for building a humanunderstandable statistical model of languages. In this talk, we describe the statistical language model's basis and then discuss our research direction to introduce the language structure.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Nonperturbative tests of duality cascades in three dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories
December 14 (Mon) at 16:00  18:10, 2020
Naotaka Kubo (Postdoctoral Researcher, Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University)
M2brane is an interesting object in Mtheory and string theory. A threedimensional 𝒩=6 super conformal Chern Simons theory with gauge group U(𝑁1)×𝑈(𝑁2), called ABJ theory, describes the low energy behavior of M2brane On the one hand, it has been considered that when 𝑁1−𝑁2 is larger than the absolute value of Chern Simons level, the supersymmetry is broken. On the other hand, it was predicted that an interesting phenomenon called duality cascade occurs, and supersymmetry is not broken in some cases. Motivated by this situation, we performed nonperturbative tests by focusing on the partitionfunction on 𝑆3. The result strongly suggests that the duality cascade indeed occurs. We also proposed that the duality cascade occurs in theories with more general gauge groups and we performed nonperturbative tests in the same way. I will review and explain our physical prediction in the first half of my talk. In the second half of my talk , I will explain the nonperturbative tests . This part is mathematical because the partition function reduces to a matrix model by using the supersymmetric localization technique.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Geometry (形); Inconspicuous regulator that determines the fate of cells
December 14 (Mon) at 10:00  11:30, 2020
Sungrim SeirinLee (Professor, Hiroshima University)
December 14 at 10:0011:30, 2020 (JST) December 13 at 20:0021:30, 2020 (EST) In the history of mathematical study in pattern formation, the effect of domain has been considered as an important factor that can regulate spatial patterning. However, it is still unknown in biology how the geometry of the domain such as nuclear or cellular shapes can directly regulate the cell fate. In this talk, I will introduce two studies of spatial reorganization in chromatin and cellular dynamics and show that the domain is likely to play a critical role in determining the cell function.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Conserved charges in gravity and entropy
December 10 (Thu) at 13:00  14:30, 2020
Sinya Aoki (Professor, Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University)
We propose a manifestly covariant definition of a conserved charge in gravity. We first define a charge density from the energy momentum tensor with a Killing vector, if exists in the system, and calculate the energy (and angular momentum) of the black hole by a volume integral. Our definition of energy leads to a correction of the known mass formula of a compact star, which includes the gravitational interaction energy and is shown to be 68\% of the leading term in some case. Secondly we propose a new method to define a conserved charge in the absence of Killing vectors, and argue that the conserved charge can be regarded as entropy, by showing the 1st law of thermodynamic for a special case. We apply this new definition to the expanding universe, gravitational plane waves and the black hole. We discuss future directions of our research.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

How to obtain the large amount of sequence data from the eukaryote
December 10 (Thu) at 10:00  11:00, 2020
Euki Yazaki (Postdoctoral Researcher, iTHEMS)
Most of the modern biology is supported by genetic sequence data. Recent advances in sequencing technology have made it possible to obtain comprehensive and large numbers of sequence data from a small amount of samples, which are deposited in public databases and are easily available. In this talk, I want to give an overview of how these large scale sequence data are obtained from samples and how they become available for us to use in our biological studies, through my eukaryotic sequence studies.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Journal Club of Information Theory SG II
December 8 (Tue) at 13:00  14:00, 2020
Akinori Tanaka (Senior Research Scientist, iTHEMS)
The practical updating process of deep neural networks based on stochastic gradient descent is quite similar to stochastic dynamics described by Langevin equation. Under the Langevin system, we can "derive" 2nd law of thermodynamics, i.e. increasing the total entropy of the system. This fact suggests "2nd law of thermodynamics in deep learning." In this talk, I would like to explain this idea roughly, and there will be no concrete new result, but it may provide us new perspectives to study neural networks, I hope.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Scattering theory for halfline Schrödinger operators: analytic and topological results
December 7 (Mon) at 16:00  18:10, 2020
Hideki Inoue (Nagoya University)
Levinson’s theorem is a surprising result in quantum scattering theory, which relates the number of bound states and the scattering part of the underlying quantum system. For the last about ten years, it has been proved for several models that once recast in an operator algebraic framework this relation can be understood as an index theorem for the Møller wave operators. Resulting index theorems are called topological version of Levinson’s theorem or shortly topological Levinson’s theorem. In this talk, we first review the background and the framework of our investigation. New analytical and topological results are provided for Schrödinger operators on the halfline. This talk is based on my Ph.D thesis.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Presented by iTHEMS & academist  Do you really know what the black hole is?
December 6 (Sun) at 14:00  16:00, 2020
Shigehiro Nagataki (Deputy Program Director, iTHEMS / Chief Scientist, Astrophysical Big Bang Laboratory, RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research (CPR))
Yoshiyuki Inoue (Senior Visiting Scientist, iTHEMS / Associate Professor, Department of Earth and Space Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University)
Yuki Yokokura (Senior Research Scientist, iTHEMS)–From the latest theories and observations to the explanation of the Nobel Prize in Physics! An introduction to black holes from active physicists– The 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Sir Roger Penrose, Prof. Dr. Reinhard Genzel and Prof. Andrea Ghez for their contributions to the theory and observation of black holes. Black holes have continued to provide hot topics in recent years, such as gravitational waves from black hole coalescence and black hole imaging, but do you really know what black holes are? Three cuttingedge black hole researchers will explain its identity and mystery.
Venue: via Online
Event Official Language: Japanese

Toward the Practical Use of Quantum Computers
December 4 (Fri) at 10:30  12:00, 2020
Shunji Matsuura (Visiting Scientist, iTHEMS / Fundamental Researcher, Quantum Simulation Division, 1QBit, Canada)
量子コンピュータは古典コンピュータとは異なる原理に基づいて動いており、自然科学を含む様々な分野において大きな変化をもたらすと考えられている。特にこの数年の進展は著しく、量子計算の古典計算に対する優位性が実験的に初めて示されるなど、期待されているマイルストーンが着実に達成されていっている。一方で量子コンピュータの発展において常に障害となっているのがノイズである。量子状態はノイズの影響を受けやすく、現在の量子コンピュータにおいては量子ゲート操作を行うごとに状態の精度が減衰していってしまう。そのため、量子コンピュータにかける負担をできるだけ減らすようなアルゴリズムの開発や、計算結果からエラーを取り除く方法、観測回数をできるだけ減らす方法等、様々な研究が行われている。本講義ではこれら量子コンピュータの実用化に向けた最近の研究と今後の課題について話す。
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: Japanese

Seminar
KPZ equation, attractive bosons, and the Efimov effect
December 3 (Thu) at 13:00  14:30, 2020
Yusuke Nishida (Associate Professor, Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology)
The KardarParisiZhang (KPZ) equation for surface growth has been a paradigmatic model in nonequilibrium statistical physics. In particular, it in dimensions higher than two undergoes a roughening transition from smooth to rough phases with increasing the nonlinearity. It is also known that the KPZ equation can be mapped onto quantum mechanics of attractive bosons with a contact interaction, where the roughening transition corresponds to a binding transition of two bosons with increasing the attraction. Such critical bosons in three dimensions actually exhibit the Efimov effect, where a threeboson coupling turns out to be relevant under the renormalization group so as to break the scale invariance down to discrete one. On the basis of these facts linking the two distinct subjects in physics, we predict that the KPZ roughening transition in three dimensions shows either the discrete scale invariance or no intrinsic scale invariance.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Directional dark matter search and the technologies
December 3 (Thu) at 10:00  11:00, 2020
Tatsuhiro Naka (Lecturer, Department of Physics, Toho University / Specially Appointed Assistant Professor, KobayashiMaskawa Institute for the Origin of Particles and the Universe (KMI), Nagoya University)
For identification of the dark matter, various methodologies are required. Especially, the direct detection is one of the most important goals to directly understand itself. Now, there are various technologies for direct detection, but almost all detectors have no direction sensitivity. We can obtain essential information such as dependence of motion between the earth and the dark matter, velocity distribution and background from direction information, therefore that becomes a very important methodology to identify the dark matter for future as long as we consider "particle dark matter". In this seminar, I report about the potential of direction sensitive dark matter search and current experimental effort.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Journal Club of Information Theory SG
December 1 (Tue) at 13:00  14:00, 2020
Akinori Tanaka (Senior Research Scientist, iTHEMS)
The practical updating process of deep neural networks based on stochastic gradient descent is quite similar to stochastic dynamics described by Langevin equation. Under the Langevin system, we can "derive" 2nd law of thermodynamics, i.e. increasing the total entropy of the system. This fact suggests "2nd law of thermodynamics in deep learning." In this talk, I would like to explain this idea roughly, and there will be no concrete new result, but it may provide us new perspectives to study neural networks, I hope. *Detailed information about the seminar refer to the email.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Flat and spherical surface approximations
November 30 (Mon) at 16:00  17:30, 2020
Martin Skrodzki (Visiting Scientist, iTHEMS / Fellow, German Academic Scholarship Foundation, Germany)
Stateoftheart acquisition devices produce surface representations of increasingly high resolution. While these detailed representations are important for production, they are problematic e.g. when exchanging drafts via the internet or when a quick rendering for comparison is necessary. In the first part of the talk, I will present results and further research questions from a paper I recently coauthored on 'Variational Shape Approximation'. This approach aims at linearizing the input surface and representing it via a set of localized planar segments. In the second part of the talk, I will present some ongoing research on surface representations via balls. This work started with constructions from spherical neodym magnets and provided a set of mathematical questions. These investigations are joint work with FU Berlin and OIST.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English

Seminar
Rotifer can be a good model organism for theoretical biology
November 27 (Fri) at 10:00  11:00, 2020
Yuri Kominami (Specially Appointed Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo)
Rotifers are cylindrical zooplankton which constitute the phylum Rotifera. They have organs and tissues including ganglia, muscles, digestive organs, ovaries, and sensory organs in their <1mm body. Rotifers are suitable for the study on the population dynamics and longevity due to their short generation time. Furthermore the most attractive characteristic of the rotifers is asexual propagation, makes it easy to obtain clonal cultures. The genomic and transcriptomic database are developed and molecular biological techniques such as RNAi for using rotifers have been established. In this seminar, other attractive characteristics of rotifer as a model organism for theoretical biology and great studies using rotifers will be introduced. Our recent results of investigating the effects of calorie condition on longevity will be discussed.
Venue: via Zoom
Event Official Language: English
115 events in 2020
Events
Categories
series
 iTHEMS Colloquium
 MACS Colloquium
 iTHEMS Seminar
 iTHEMS Math Seminar
 DMWG Seminar
 iTHEMS Biology Seminar
 iTHEMS Theoretical Physics Seminar
 Information Theory SG Seminar
 Quantum Matter Seminar
 ABBLiTHEMS Joint Astro Seminar
 MathPhys Seminar
 Quantum Gravity Gatherings
 NEW WG Seminar
 QFTcore Seminar
 STAMP Seminar
 QuCoIn Seminar
 Number Theory Seminar
 BerkeleyiTHEMS Seminar
 iTHEMSRNC Meson Science Lab. Joint Seminar
 RIKEN Quantum Lecture
 AcademicIndustrial Innovation Lecture
 iTHEMS Intensive CourseEvolution of Cooperation
 Theory of Operator Algebras
 Introduction to PublicKey Cryptography
 Knot Theory
 iTHES Theoretical Science Colloquium
 SUURICOOL Seminar
 iTHES Seminar