March 9 (Thu) at 16:00 - 17:00, 2023 (JST)
  • Keiichi Morita (Ph.D. Student, School of Advanced Sciences Department of Evolutionary Studies of Biosystems, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI))
  • via Zoom
Keiichi Morita

Previous theoretical studies have considered that evolution driven by resource competition is important for the creation and maintenance of biodiversity. Recently, reproductive interference caused by misrecognition of sexual traits such as calling between closely related species has been increasingly important for the creation and maintenance of diversity, but the impact of reproductive interference on trait diversity between closely related species remains unresolved. In this study, we combined population dynamics model with reproductive interference in two closely related species with an evolutionary model of traits related to reproduction to examine the impact of reproductive interference on the evolutionary consequences of reproductive traits in the two closely related species. The model assumed a trade-off in which reproductive interference weakens as reproductive traits diverge between the two species, but predation pressure increases as the reproductive traits diverge from their optimum traits in their habitat. For simplicity, we assumed that only one species evolves. Our model analysis revealed that convergence and divergence of traits of two closely related species occurs depending on initial trait divergence. Also, under the parameter condition where trait convergence occurs, large mutation makes trait divergence possible. Our model will provide a new framework for understanding evolutionary dynamics in ecological communities containing closely related species.

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