Phase Transitions in Biological Systems
- September 23 (Wed) at 10:00 - 11:00, 2020 (JST)
- Dr. Kyosuke Adachi (Special Postdoctoral Researcher, iTHEMS / Special Postdoctoral Researcher, Nonequilibrium Physics of Living Matter RIKEN Hakubi Research Team, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research (BDR))
- via Zoom
Biological systems are built hierarchically by DNA, proteins, cells, tissues, organs, individuals, etc. Recent experiments have clarified the existence of interesting mesoscale phenomena inside cells, where the concept of condensed matter physics such as phase transition can be useful in its understanding. For example, interacting nucleosomes in a chromatin chain can cause the mega-base scale structural change, and sub-micron scale dense droplets of proteins/mRNAs can appear through phase separation. In this talk, I will discuss our recent topics: (i) structural transition of a chromatin with epigenetic marks, (ii) intracellular wetting of phase-separated droplets, and (iii) spontaneous aggregation of self-propelled individuals.