June 25 (Tue) at 13:30 - 15:00, 2024 (JST)
  • Tingyu Zhang (Ph.D. Student, Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo)
Yuta Sekino

Spin transport phenomena at strongly-correlated interfaces play central roles in fundamental physics as well as spintronic applications. Although the spin-flip tunneling process, a key mechanism of spin transport, has been extensively studied in solid-state systems, its behavior in itinerant Fermi gases remains elusive.
In this regard we study the spin tunneling in a repulsively interacting ultracold Fermi gas based on the conventional quasiparticle tunneling process. we investigate the spin current induced by quasiparticle and spin-flip tunneling processes to see their bias dependence and interaction dependence. To anatomize spin carriers, we propose the detection of the spin current noise in the system. The Fano factor, which is defined as the ratio between the spin current and its noise can serve as a probe of elementary carriers of spin transport. The change of the Fano factor microscopically evinces a crossover from the quasiparticle transport to magnon transport in itinerant fermionic systems.

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