A dynamical proposal to resolve the cosmological constant problem
難波 亮 (数理創造プログラム 上級研究員)
Our universe is observed to be expanding at an accelerated rate. The expansion is driven by some unknown object that has a constant energy density, thus called "cosmological constant" (a.k.a. dark energy). Since gravitational effects, which drive the expansion, do not discriminate any forms of matter/energy, this constant is expected to receive various contributions from high-energy physics. However, the observed value of the constant is smaller than the theoretical expectation by many orders of magnitute, the discrepancy called the cosmological constant problem. A mechanism has been proposed to cancel the large contributions by a classical dynamics in the early universe, but it essentially empties the universe altogether, not just the cosmological constant. We propose a concrete scenario that subsequently "reheats" the universe with energetic matter, thus completing the mechanism of the cosmological constant relaxation.
チンカイ・チウ (数理創造プログラム 上級研究員)
The transistor invention ushered in the era of conventional computers. However, Moore’s law will fail one day due to the unavoidable quantum limit. Scientists are building quantum computers to continue the computing era. In this talk, I will compare conventional computers and quantum computers. Furthermore, I will briefly introduce that a topological superconductor can be one of the platforms for quantum computing.
Generalized generating function for proportion values and its application
入谷 亮介 (数理創造プログラム 研究員)
I will talk about a potentially interesting and useful methodology I partly devised, based on (probability) generating function methods.
Weighted and directed XRP network
Abhijit Chakraborty (Kyoto University)
XRP is a well-known crypto currency. In this talk, I will introduce the structure of weighted directed networks from XRP transactions.
Borromean nucleus: an extreme state of the atomic nucleus
本郷 優 (数理創造プログラム 客員研究員 / Postdoctoral Research Associate, Physics Department, The University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), USA)
I will introduce the Borromean nucleus, an exotic extreme state of the atomic nucleus.
Study on quantum interactions and number theory
若山 正人 (数理創造プログラム 特別顧問 / NTT基礎数学研究センタ 数学研究プリンシパル)
In this Coffee-meeting, I will discuss the energy spectra of certain models of quantum interactions (between photon and two-level system) and introduce the study in number theory that arise from them including future perspective and conjectures.
Derived Categories in Algebraic Geometry
小関 直記 (Postdoctoral Research Associate, School of Mathematics, University of Edinburgh, UK)
I will explain how derived categories play roles to connect various areas of mathematics, especially birational and enumerative geometry. The key ideas are "Categorifications" and "Semi-orthogonal decompositions"
Stochastic chemical reaction systems
広野 雄士 (数理創造プログラム 客員研究員 / Junior Research Group Leader/Assistant Professor, Research Division, Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics, Republic of Korea)
"Chemical reactions play important roles in various fields including engineering and biology. In this talk, I plan to give a short introduction to the description of stochastic chemical reaction systems."
Universal form of stochastic equations of motion
伊丹 將人 (Kyoto University)
I will review the universal form of stochastic time evolution for slow variables in equilibrium systems and talk about one attempt to derive a universal form in nonequilibrium systems.
Determination of hadronic interactions from lattice QCD
杉浦 拓也 (数理創造プログラム 特別研究員)
The interactions between hadrons (such as proton and neutron) govern the structure of atomic nucleus. I will briefly discuss how we can define and quantify the hadronic interactions through numerical calculations of lattice QCD.
From the thermonuclear supernova to the supernova remnant
ジル・フェラン (数理創造プログラム 研究員 / 理化学研究所 開拓研究本部 (CPR) 長瀧天体ビッグバン研究室 研究員)
Type Ia supernovae (SNe) are believed to be the thermonuclear explosion of a white dwarf star, but their explosion mechanism(s) remain unclear. In this talk we make the connection with the subsequent phase, the supernova remnant (SNR), when the stellar ejecta interact with the interstellar medium. I will outline how simulations and observations can help test theoretical models, with an emphasis on our recent work based on the 3D morphology.
Cosmic origin of r-process elements?
西村 信哉 (理化学研究所 開拓研究本部 (CPR) 長瀧天体ビッグバン研究室)
The astronomical site of r-process nucleosynthesis has been a long-standing mystery in nuclear astrophysics studies. However, in recent years, there has been significant progress. We confirmed the r-process-driven transient "kilonova" associated with binary-neutron-star mergers. In this talk, I will discuss the possibility of the r-process in magneto-rotational supernovae, which are in the extreme class of core-collapse supernovae. Although this scenario is physically challenging and hypothetical, observational evidence appears to grow. Since this scenario is related to supernovae with many observational examples, we expect future direct/indirect observation. I will also discuss the theoretical perspective of observational properties.
Quantum chaos, Entanglement and Black holes
野坂 朋生 (数理創造プログラム 研究パートタイマー)
Quantum chaos is a notion to characterize the mechanism of how the time evolution of a quantum many body system, which should be in principle reversible, end up with the thermal equilibrium where the information of the initial condition is lost. This resembles the black hole information problem, which suggests that one can address various fundamental questions related to black holes through the study of quantum chaos. In this talk I will overview the notions of quantum chaos and black hole geometry, and then introduce an interesting phenomenon called revival where these notions are tightly entangled with each other.
マティアス・ベアヴァイン (数理創造プログラム 特別研究員)
Dimensional regularization is one of the most important tools for analytic calculations in quantum field theory. I will explain, how the concept of integration over (integer) n variables can be extended to a continuous number D, the dimension, and how this can be used to make sense of the divergent parts of quantum corrections.
Dispersal and organization of glioma cells
ジルベルト・ナカムラ (数理創造プログラム 特別研究員)
Cell migration plays a pivotal role in modeling the invasiveness of gliomas (a type of brain cancer) while the formation of new tumors often relies on cell-cell adhesive forces. I will talk about motility-induced phase separation as an alternative explanation to tackle both cell migration and tumor formation.
Machine leaning approaches for weather prediction
大塚 成徳 (数理創造プログラム 研究員 / 理化学研究所 計算科学研究センター (R-CCS) データ同化研究チーム 研究員)
Recently, many groups are applying deep learning techniques for weather prediction problems. In this talk, I would like to introduce our research activities at R-CCS. We have been developing an algorithm to integrate data-driven approaches and process-driven approaches for precipitation nowcasting.
Evolution of core-collapse supernovae to their supernova remnants
小野 勝臣 (数理創造プログラム 研究員 / 理化学研究所 開拓研究本部 (CPR) 長瀧天体ビッグバン研究室 研究員)
Observations of nearby supernova remnants (SNRs) could potentially provide the clues to elucidate the dynamical evolution of core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe), chemical evolution of elements in the ejecta, explosion mechanisms, properties of neutron stars and progenitor stars. In this talk, our recent three-dimensional hydrodynamical models for the evolution of CCSNe to their SNR are introduced. Additionally, an attempt to model the molecule formation in the ejecta is also mentioned.
A Tale of Two Spaces
多田 司 (数理創造プログラム コーディネーター / 理化学研究所 仁科加速器科学研究センター (RNC) 量子ハドロン物理学研究室 副主任研究員)
Gravitational wave asteroseismology on protoneutron stars
祖谷 元 (数理創造プログラム 研究員 / 理化学研究所 開拓研究本部 (CPR) 長瀧天体ビッグバン研究室 研究員)
Focusing on the supernova gravitational waves, we are considering to extract the EOS inofrmation for dense matter with asteroseismology.
Nuclear physics from lattice QCD
土井 琢身 (数理創造プログラム 専任研究員 / 理化学研究所 仁科加速器科学研究センター (RNC) 量子ハドロン物理学研究室 専任研究員)
The interactions between nucleons (and in general, hadrons) govern the structure of matter, such as nuclei and neutron stars. I will talk about first-principles calculations to determine the interactions from the fundamental theory of quarks and gluons, QCD.