# Hot Topic

## Report of iTHEMS Special Lecture – How did the Universe Begin? -Inflation Theory & Road to the Proof-

2019-05-23

On May 21st, iTHEMS Special Lecture by Dr. Katsuhiko Sato (Professor Emeritus, The University of Tokyo / Director, Research Center for Science Systems, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science) was given at Okochi Hall for more than 100 participants. Dr. Katsuhiko Sato is well known as a scientist who discovered the inflation mechanism of the early Universe in 1981. In the special lecture, Dr. Katsuhiko Sato gave an introduction about the expansion of the universe, mysteries about uniformity & isotropy of the universe, and absense of monopoles. Then Dr. Katsuhiko Sato explained how he got an idea of the inflation mechanism, motivated by Spontaneous-Symmetry-Breaking (SSB) mechanism (SSB was proposed by Dr. Yoichiro Nambu), and explained how these problems are solved by the Inflation mechanism. Dr. Katsuhiko Sato introduced about future missions that will prove firmly the inflation mechanism, including LiteBIRD that will measure B-mode in the polarization of cosmic microwave background in the universe. It was a great coincidence that JAXA announced on the same day, May 21st, that JAXA has made a decision to launch LiteBIRD. We wish the Inflation mechanism proposed by Dr. Katsuhiko Sato will be proved firmly in the near future.

How did the Universe Begin? -Inflation Theory & Road to the Proof-

May 21 at 15:00 - 16:30, 2019

# Upcoming Events

## Lecture

### First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results: The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole

May 24 at 14:00 - 15:00, 2019

Dr. Yosuke Mizuno (Frankfurt University)

Venue: #435-437, Main Research Building, RIKEN

Event Official Language: English

## Seminar

### Certain invariants as dimension

May 24 at 16:00 - 18:10, 2019

Dr. Genki Ouchi (Special Postdoctoral Researcher, iTHEMS)

Plan of the seminar: we separate each talk into two. In the first 60 minutes the speaker gives an introductory talk for non-mathematicians. After a short break, the second 60 minutes is spent for a bit more detailed talk for mathematicians (working in other areas). We welcome you joining both parts of the seminar or only the first/second half.

Venue: Seminar Room #160, 1F Main Research Building, RIKEN

Event Official Language: English

## School

### g-RIPS Sendai 2019

June 17 - August 9, 2019

GRIPS (Graduate-level Research in Industrial Projects for Students)-Sendai program was held last summer (June 18 - Aug. 10, 2018) with the support of iTHEMS as well as other institutions and companies. Two industrial projects were launched under the suggestion of TOYOTA and NEC, and two teams composed of US and Japanese students have worked intensively to find solutions of these problems. See for the details of the GRIPS program and the summary of activities at GRIPS-Sendai 2018.

This year, GRIPS-Sendai program will be held from June 17 through Aug. 9, 2019 with a larger scale under the support of iTHEMS. Stay tuned for further information.

Event Official Language: English

## Workshop

### Workshop on Sine-square deformation and related topics 2019

July 11 at 10:00 - 18:00, 2019

Sine-Square Deformation (SSD) is a newly found boundary condition that involves the spatial modulation of the coupling constant of quantum systems.

Since its discovery, it has received broad attention in the context of various research field. This workshop aims at offering the opportunities for the researchers interested in SSD to convene and exchange ideas on the subject.

Venue: #435-437, Main Research Building, RIKEN

Event Official Language: Japanese

# Person of the Week

## Self-introduction: Keita Mikami

2019-05-18

I am Keita Mikami, a research scientist at iTHEMS. My research field is partial differential equations and I work on linear Schrödinger equation. Main subject in the research of linear Schrödinger equation is its spectrum.

I have studied localization in direction phenomena of Schrödinger operators with homogeneous potentials of order zero. Roughly speaking, this is a phenomena such that a solution to Schrödinger equation with this class of potentials localizes in direction as time goes to infinity. I have used spectral theory and semiclassical(microlocal) analysis to understand this phenomena and its application.

Though my interest comes from mathematics, I want to understand physical aspects of Schrödinger equations and find some application of my results in physics since Schrödinger equation is the governing equation in quantum mechanics.

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